It is a good practice for a company to adopt new by-law when a shareholder contract is entered into so that the articles comply with the terms of the shareholders` agreement. In addition, issues such as stock issues and share transfers, board meetings and shareholder meetings are often best dealt with in the company`s by-law and not in the shareholders` pact, as the terms of office are automatically binding on all members, unlike shareholder contracts which are binding only on the parties to the shareholder contract. The court found that in the 30 years following the conclusion of the shareholder contract (i.e. a generation later), the defendant would still be virtually prevented from transferring his shares to his two sons as long as they remain active in the company and are unable to elect them as his successors to the board of directors. Exit rights, including drag along and tag along rights, are not regulated by Turkish law and therefore the exercise of these rights can be problematic. In the event of a shareholder dispute, the courts will not make a specific performance decision, but will instead provide financial compensation to remedy the violation of drag along or tag along rights. Providing stock certificates to a trust fund, with empty approval, may be an alternative to the security of the application. A referral order may limit the violation of a negative provision of the contract. Its use is very limited in trade restriction, where it is often coupled the most effective remedy, even if related to a claim for compensation and in areas such as copyright infringement and patent infringement. The general capital rules applicable to the granting or not to the particular benefit generally apply to omission.
This includes the Tribunal`s power to order the rectification and rectification of written contractual conditions, so that it faithfully renders the original agreement of the contracting parties. The original or previous agreement may have been oral or written, but due to an error, it was not properly reproduced in the final document. The repurchase agreement did not expressly give the company the right to a defined benefit. In shareholder agreements, the parties almost always agree on share transfer rules (for example. B options and call options, drag-along and date-along rights and code rights) to subject share transfers to conditions or facilitate the exit of the company. However, if these provisions are violated, it is difficult to enforce these rights. The defendants moved to the release and relied on the Latin expression expressio unius is exclusion alterius. If your knowledge of Latin fades, it means “the expression of one thing is the exclusion of another” (order 22). Since Section 10.1 of the purchase-sale agreement gave shareholders the right to a defined benefit without mentioning the company, the shareholders argued that the company did not have that right.